• Agate

    Agate is a form of Chalcedony, usually associated with volcanic rock. There are many beautiful varieties of agate and I use them with delight. Most form in cavities and cracks left in ancient lava flows, where chemical elements and compounds of low boiling point have dissolved in the molten lava. If silicate it present, it deposits in layers around the void, forming a nodule. Each layer adding to the swirling pattern seen when the gem is cut. Natural agates may show lovely banded patters and no two patterns will ever be the same. Quite often, the nodules are hollow, allowing a space for Quartz crystals to form (Drusy). Each volcanic area tends to undergo it's own geomorphic influences, providing great variety across the types of Agates. Stronger coloured Agates are usually dyed.

  • Akoya Pearl

    Akoya Pearl
    Akoya Pearls are cultured pearls, from the Akoya Mollusc. Usually round and small, in sizes ranging no more than 6 to 8mm.

  • Amazonite

    I love the soft, serene colour of this gemstone. Known as the Hope Stone, it is a pale blue-green stone in the Feldspar group. Named after the Amazon River, it is not from the area. Most Amazonite is mined in Australia and the USA.

  • Amethyst

    Amethyst is the purple to pinky-mauve variety of Quartz. A protective stone, Amethyst is thought to protect one from poison, witchcraft and to instil a sober mind. I love that you can see the crystalline make-up of the gem, in many of the cuts I use in my designs, particularly the more densely coloured 'A Grade' Amethyst.

  • Aquamarine

    Named appropriately for its soft, blue-green colour 'water of the sea', the gem is calming and soothing. A mineral from the Beryl group.

  • Aventurine

    A lucky stone, Aventurine is a semi translucent form of Quartz and comes in a variety of colours. Each colour associated with a different chakra. I use a lot of Green Aventurine in my collections, which is wonderful for creative insight.

  • Bloodstone

    Bloodstone is a Heliotrope mineral and a form of Chalcedony. It is a deep green colour, usually showing red spots, caused by iron oxide.

  • Calcite

    Usually white or clear coloured, Calcite is a carbonate mineral. As it is dissolved or precipitated by ground water, it is a common constituent of sedimentary rocks. You will often see small calcite deposits in other stones, such as Lapis Lazuli. Calcite is thought to amplify energy and can bring about vibrant inner peace, promoting creativity and imagination.

  • Carnelian

    A variety of the silica mineral group, Chalcedony, this lovely gem is usually recognised for its deep reddish brown colour. I use a lot of Carnelian in my collections and really adore the varying citrus colours found in the natural gemstone, depending on the amount of iron oxide present. Being semi translucent, the stone is a delight when the colours glow intensely in light. Carnelian is known to give you energy and guard against poverty. It was widely used by the Romans as carved seal rings and has been found as far back as the 4th millennium BCE.

  • Chalcedony

    Chalcedony is a type of Quartz, occurring in several different forms, including Carnelian, Onyx and Agate and Chrysoprase. Usually translucent or semi-translucent, is occurs in a wide variety of colours. It is known to harmonise the mind, body and spirit, and dissipates negative energy.

  • Charoite

    Charoite is a silicate mineral which is translucent lavender to purple, with a swirling pattern and pearly luster. The stone of transformation.

  • Chrysocolla

    Chrysocolla is a favourite with many clients who find the lovely ocean colours of deep blues and greens appealing. It starts out as a blue stone, with black traces, and is tinged green by the presence of copper. It is a relatively soft stone and is often lacquered to protect the surface. Please be aware that some Chrysocolla may be colour enhanced to intensify the colours.

  • Chrysoprase

    Chrysoprase is a gemstone Variety of Chalcedony. Normally apple green in colour, there are darker varieties. One I adore working with is Lemon Chrysoprase, for its lovely, fresh, milky-lime colour. Most Chrysoprase is mined in Australia. It is known to encourage hope and joy.

  • Cubic Zirconia

    Cubic Zirconia
    Cubic Zirconia (CZ) is a synthesised form of diamond, made from zirconium dioxide. It is hard, colourless and optically flawless, similar to diamond in refractivity and appearance.

  • Cultured Pearl

    Cultured Pearl
    Most Pearls commercially available today are Cultured, or farmed and their shape and colour is dependant on the species of mollusc. A small 'seed' or nucleus is placed inside the oyster, which is then returned to the water. The oyster continually coats the offending bead with many layers of nacre, over a period of years, just as it would naturally if the oyster were damaged and trying to heal itself in the wild, slowly producing a pearl. Depending on the type of oyster, it can take 2 to 4 years for the pearl to form before harvesting and only one pearl is produced at a time. The process can only be done a couple of times in the life of the oyster, over many years. This is the reason why Cultured Pearls are more valuable than Freshwater Pearls, which produce multiple pearls each harvest. Cultured pearls can be distinguished from natural pearls through the use of x-rays, which reveal the inner part of the pearl.

  • Drusy Quartz

    Drusy Quartz
    Drusy Quartz crystals grow inside cavities of other stones, such as Agate, which is usually hollow. Tiny crystal points grow into the centre of the free space, creating a crystal lined geode. Usually, Drusy is displayed as a layer of the top points of the tiny crystals only, however, some of the pendants I have in my collection are polished cross-sections, which show the Quartz Crystal shafts growing up, out of the agate. Lovely.

  • Fluorite

    Fluorite is a colourful mineral, which grows in cubic and octahedral form. Colour banding is usually present and commonly displays shades from clear to the deepest of green, purple, blue and yellow. It is said to neutralise negative vibrations and is known as the Genius Stone.

  • Freshwater Pearl

    Freshwater Pearl
    Freshwater Pearls are farmed using slightly different techniques, in different molluscs to Cultured Pearls. These molluscs tend to produce 15 – 25 pearls at one time and can be re-seeded several times, providing a more abundant harvest each time, than a Cultured Pearl. They are usually more organic shapes, rather than round and are most often dyed, as pearls are very porous.

  • Garnet

    Garnets are silicate minerals. Commonly known to be deep red, they can be found in a multitude of colours. I like using Green Garnets in my gem collection. Their vitreous (glass like) luster affords them a lovely depth of colour and they seem to sparkle internally. Garnets are very good for creative energy.

  • Golden Mica

    Golden Mica
    Mica is a shiny silicate mineral with a layered structure that flakes easily. Those lovely tiny sparkles you see in granite and other rocks and crystals, are minuscule mica flakes glittering away.

  • Hematite

    Hematite (Haematite) is the mineral form of iron(II) oxide. It is mined as the main ore of iron and is usually black to steel or silver-grey. The hematite I use has a chic and contemporary, highly polished surface, a bit like a black mirror which reflects colour and light around it. Whilst many of my gemstone designs are limited edition or unique pieces, we have a ready supply of Hematite here in Australia, I am pleased to say, so this amazing looking mineral is always included in my collections. I find hematite is wonderful to work with, as it is very grounding and centering – excellent for de-stressing.

  • Howlite

    Howlite is a mineral commonly used for carving and jewellery. It is usually white or cream (with black or brown veins) opaque with a sub-vitreous luster. Its porosity makes it easy to dye, and it is often colour enhanced to imitate other minerals like Turquoise, because of the similarity of the veining patterns. It is a calming stone, known to relieve stress.

  • Jade

    Jade is an ornamental stone and is a term applied to two different silicate minerals. Nephrite Jade is green, ranging from pale to dark green, while Jadeite can be white, bright emerald-green, pink, lavender, orange or brown. Historically used to attract love, it is considered a very healing and protective stone.

  • Jadeite

    Jadeite is one of two types of Jade. Its colour ranges from white, through to pale apple, then deep green, but can also be found in blue-green, pink, lavender and a multitude of other colours. It can be opaque to translucent, depending on the trace elements it contains.

  • Jasper

    Jasper is a form of Chalcedony and is an impure variety of silica, which forms as a sedimentary stone. The patterns are deposits of minerals and other chemical influences whilst it is forming in sediment or volcanic ash. Sometimes banded or patterned, it is usually found in reddish-brown colours, green, yellow and white. Jasper is a protective stone which is useful for stability.

  • Kyanite

    Kyanite is a silicate mineral which forms under pressure in metamorphic and sedimentary rock. It is crystal-like and, most often, is blue or green. Other colours are quite rare. Kyanite is ideal for restoring energy balance.

  • Labradorite

    Once of my favourite gemstones, Labradorite is a feldspar mineral which displays the most delightful colour play (Schiller). Due to twinning, where crystal growths intertwine, light is diffracted, creating an iridescent play of colour-rush across the stone. This is termed 'Labradorescence'. The colours range from yellow to green and breathtaking blues, although I have frequently coaxed an entire spectrum of colour out of some stones who are willing to give up their secrets. A flash of red always delights me. Moonstone is part of the same group and a particularly lovely Black Labradorite (which is more patchwork-like in the Schiller) is usually in my collection. Labradorite is a power stone, allowing you to see through illusions and strengthening intuition.

  • Lapis Lazuli

    Lapis Lazuli
    Lapis Lazuli is a bright blue, ancient gem, which has been mined since before the 3rd millennium BCE. The oldest mine, still in use today is in Afganistan and dates back 6 thousand years. The gorgeous blue stone is comprised of various other minerals, including Calcite and Pyrite, giving it the appearance of the midnight sky with little golden stars. Some commercial lapis is colour enhanced to smooth out the colour. Natural Lapis is very valuable. Ancient Egyptians used it for scarabs and amulets and it is said that Cleopatra had it crushed and applied as her eye decoration. It was also used by artists to create those deep blues in oil paintings, until the early 1800s when a less expensive synthetic ingredient was developed (synthetic ultramarine). Lapis is considered to be a very powerful stone, protecting the wearer from the evil eye. It is recommended that Lapis only be used by a trained healer, as it is very intense and powerful. One must only ever use it with love, comprehension and wisdom.

  • Lepidolite

    Lepidolite is a rose-lilac coloured member of the Mica group, occurring in granite. I am always delighted to include lepidolite in my collection. Such a long name for a pretty gem, which sparkles with Mica crystals. It is known as the Peace Stone and attracts good luck to those who wear it.

  • Malachite

    Malachite is an opaque, green stone with lovely concentric banding. The green is attributed to the inclusion of copper hydroxyl carbonate and is sometimes confused with Chrysocolla, which is blue and green (from the same copper influence), whereas Malachite is varying shades of green only. It is believed to protect the wearer from accidents and balances relationships.

  • Mookaite

    Mookaite is a sedimentary gemstone from the Jasper group, unique to a particular area of Western Australia. First discovered at Mooka Station, near Carnarvon (hence the name), it started forming when the continents were still drifting into place during the Cambrian Period. That makes it very old, indeed. Mookaite presents in a variety of earthy ribbons of colours tones, from white through yellow, pink, purple, to the deepest of burgundy. I have read that some of the colours are attributed to microscopic marine life, left in the sediment when the oceans receded.

  • Moonstone

    Moonstone is a silicate in the feldspar group. It has been admired for millennia for the lovely rush of colour (usually blue), caused by light diffraction within the layers of micro-crystals. Usually a pearly white to grey brown, semi-translucent stone, it displays lovely colour flashes as it is moved. Please know that there are some simulated versions being sold commercially, called Opalite or Synthetic Moonstone and I am told quite often that they have been onsold as the genuine thing. I don't mind using these stones in designs, if it is warranted, but I always advise my clients when they are not natural Moonstone. Natural Moonstones are more valuable and exciting. Moonstone protects and brings good luck to the wearer.

  • Mother of Pearl

    Mother of Pearl
    Mother of Pearl is the iridescent layer (known as Nacre) inside the shell of a mollusc. The same coating makes up the coating of Pearls.

  • Nephrite

    Nephrite Jade is one of two types of Jade. The colour ranges from deep green to a cream colour and is sometimes be blotchy or patterned. In New Zealand it is known as Greenstone.

  • Obsidian

    Obsidian is a hard, glass-like volcanic rock, formed by the rapid solidification of lava without crystallisation. Commonly known as being black, Obsidian (natural lava glass) can be found in other types of volcanic gemstones, such as Rhyolite, and in a range of other colours including blue – depending on the chemical influences present. Obsidian helps protect the very sensitive against depression.

  • Onyx

    Onyx is a variant of Agate, in the Chalcedony group, with black and white banding. If you look closely at many of my designs in Onyx, you will see traces of the white banding. I endeavour to put these to the front of the design as a feature, to show that it is indeed Onyx and not black Agate, which is further away from the banded section of the stone. Agate with brown, orange, red and white banding is known as Sardonyx.

  • Opal

    Opal is a gemstone consisting of hydrated silica, typically semi-transparent and showing varying colours against a pale or dark background. Opals are valuable and usually very fragile, as they are sliced very thinly before setting on a background, to enhance the colour and light diffraction (doublet setting). Often they are set with a cover of Quartz crystal on top (triplet setting) to magnify the effect and protect the gem. The opals I use from time to time are more organic, raw, opalised chunks or rock.

  • Paua

    Pāua is the Māori name given to a particular sea snail (mollusc) found in the shallow waters around New Zealand's coastline. Also found in Australian waters and known as Abalone. Known also as Sea Opal, the inside of the shell is prized for the most beautiful iridescent colour patterns. I think they are like vibrant hues of art deco colours – in breathtaking pinks, blues and greens.

  • Pearl

    Classified as an organic gemstone, Pearls are made up of calcium carbonate, in minute crystalline form (called nacre), which is deposited in concentric layers by the mollusc. The most valuable of Pearls occur in the wild (natural pearls), but they are extremely rare. Most Pearls commercially available today are Cultured, or farmed and their shape and colour is dependant on the species of mollusc and whether sea or freshwater species. It is fascinating reading about Pearls and I have been captivated watching documentaries about please, use the link to read more.

  • Peridot

    Peridot is a translucent green, gem-quality variety of Olivine, in the mineral category. Usually carried to the surface by lava, it can also be found in meteorites.

  • Pyrite

    Pyrite is a shiny yellow mineral, typically occurring as intersecting cubic crystals, with a metallic luster. Known also as Fool's Gold, it is only sometimes found with gold. I love using Pyrite in its 'natural crystal cut', where the beads are rugged and organic shapes, almost dodecahedron in appearance. The flat facets being the natural cleavage (or give-way) points of the mineral. I tend to use Pyrite to enhance the more natural cuts of various gemstones with warmer colours, or as a feature to contradict the smoothness of a machine finished smooth bead. It makes a wonderful energy shield when worn.

  • Quartz

    An abundant silicate mineral in the earth's crust and comes in many varieties, such as Citrine, Rose Quartz, Amethyst, Milky Quartz and Smokey Quartz. Usually clear or translucent (Pure Rock Quartz), the colours are the result of the impact of trace elements and minerals, or geo-thermal influence and irradiation.

  • Rainforest Rhyolite

    Rainforest Rhyolite
    Rhyolite is a volcanic gemstone (igneous), found all over the world in ancient volcanic sites. Each region has its own geomorphic influence, making it unique to that area. Rainforest Rhyolite is unique to Queensland. Rhyolites cool quickly and sand and minerals become trapped inside in bubbles. These are the pretty coloured blotches seen when is cut. The glassy puddles being natural lava glass, or Obsidian. Rainforest Rhyolite brings awareness and joy for the natural state, within the body and in others.

  • Rhodochrosite

    This lovely pink gemstone is a manganese carbonate mineral. When cut, it reveals concentric bands of light and dark rose coloured layers. Rhodochrosite is considered the symbol of love and stability.

  • Rock Quartz Crystal

    Rock Quartz Crystal
    Rock Crystal or Pure Quartz is colourless and transparent or translucent. It forms naturally as a six-sided prism, terminating with six-sided pyramids at each end. It is powerful, enhancing and absorbing energy and amplifying it. It is often referred to as the 'universal crystal'. I love using Rock Quartz in my designs and often include a natural chunk to create 'balance' in designs which are primarily of man-made components. The clarity of light through the natural crystal is unsurpassed, which is why it is always featured in my signature design...The Ice Queen.

  • Smokey Quartz

    Smokey Quartz
    Smokey Quartz is the brown to black variety of Quartz which has undergone irradiation while forming. This crystal will give you a boost and open the way for perception and learning. I tend to use Pyrite with this crystal, as the colour tones are sympathetic and warm, while the energies complement each other.

  • Swarovski Crystal

    Swarovski Crystal
    Swarovski is the brand name for a range of cut crystal and related luxury products, based in Austria. Their precision excellence and innovative techniques ensure their products are beautifully engineered, and of superior quality and cut to other manufactured pearls and crystals. The clarity of colour and light diffraction is superb in Swarovski Crystals and the faceting is clean and elegant. They are also available in an extensive variety of colours, which is most useful when colour-matching for clients with specific requirements. Please see the Swarovski Crystal colour chart for the full collection. I am happy to create my designs for you using crystal colours of your choice, however this would fall into the custom design category and is priced accordingly.

  • Swarovski Pearl

    Swarovski Pearl
    Swarovski is the brand name for a range of cut crystal and related luxury products, based in Austria. Their precision excellence and innovative techniques ensure their products are beautifully engineered, and of superior quality and cut to other manufactured pearls and crystals. These pearls are engineered to feel like a natural pearl, in weight. The exterior coating is durable and does not scratch or peel easily. I tend to use Swarovski Pearls in my wearable art collection, where precise measurements are required, as natural pearls tend to vary in shape and size, being organic. They are also available in an extensive variety of colours, which is most useful when colour-matching for clients with specific requirements.

  • Tiger's Eye

    Tiger's Eye
    Tiger's eye is a beautiful gemstone from the Quartz group, which displays movement of light across its silky luster. Golden to red-brown in colour (Red Tiger's Eye), this stone helps with insight, good luck and protection.

  • Tourmaline

    The most common variety of tourmaline is Schorl, which is black. Other gem colours are red to pink, blue to blue-green, green and colourless.

  • Turquoise

    Turquoise is a rare, opaque, blue to green coloured mineral. Much of it commercially available is treated, imitation (e.g. dyed Howlite) or synthetic. A symbol of friendship, it will protect from negative energy and bring good fortune.

  • Variscite

    I was very excited to find this attractive stone. It is relatively rare and fairly soft, so it will mark if scratched by harder stones. It is a hydrated aluminium phosphate mineral, which often has the appearance of webbing or abstract honeycomb shapes, inside which the lovely green stone has formed. It is mined in Australia as well as other locations, each region having slight local geomorphic influences on colour and pattern.